World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues <p align="justify"><strong>World Journal on Educational Technology</strong>: <strong>Current Issues</strong> <strong>(WJET)</strong> is a peer-reviewed and quarterly published journal on educational technology. WJET is devoted to be a joint platform for presenting and discussing the emerging developments on educational technology in an international arena. The aim of the journal is to publish original research, development and review articles to contribute to the development of educational technology field.</p> <p><strong>ERIC (<a href=""></a>) Metrics Report from January 1, 2021 to June 30, 2021</strong></p> <p><strong><em>All Views</em></strong>: 13,490, <strong><em>All Downloads</em></strong>: 9,353</p> <table width="555"> <tbody> <tr> <td> </td> <td width="413"> <p><strong> Article Title</strong></p> </td> <td colspan="2"> <p><strong>Views</strong></p> </td> <td width="79"> <p><strong>Downloads</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>1.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>The Importance of Simulation in Nursing Education</p> </td> <td> <p>4,401</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>1,587</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>2.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Flipped Classroom Approach</p> </td> <td> <p>1,419</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>866</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>3.</p> </td> <td rowspan="2" width="413"> <p>The Effect of Educational Digital Games on Education, Motivation and Attitudes of Elementary School Students against Course Access</p> </td> <td> <p>432</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>274</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <p>141</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>149</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>4.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>An Examination of Digital Footprint Awareness and Digital Experiences of Higher Education Students</p> </td> <td> <p>437</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>182</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>5.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Cyberbullying Awareness in Secondary and High Schools</p> </td> <td> <p>391</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>357</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>6.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Characteristics of Instructional Videos</p> </td> <td> <p>282</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>227</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>7.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Current Trends in Education Technologies Research Worldwide: Meta-Analysis of Studies between 2015-2020</p> </td> <td> <p>273</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>172</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>8.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Social Relations in Virtual World and Social Media Aggression</p> </td> <td> <p>266</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>218</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>9.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>What Are the Perceptions of the Students about Asynchronous Distance Learning and Blended Learning?</p> </td> <td> <p>222</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>217</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <p>10.</p> </td> <td width="413"> <p>Experiences of Classroom Teachers on the Use of Hands-On Material and Educational Software in Math Education</p> </td> <td> <p>191</p> </td> <td> <p> </p> </td> <td width="79"> <p>170</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> (Prof. Dr. Servet Bayram) (Assist. Prof. Dr. Vasfi Tugun) Fri, 30 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 60 Fourth Industrial Revolution and digital competences of teachers <p>The new era of the 4IR requires changes in teachers’ initial education and in their professional advancement. Serbia is a developing country whose institutions of education are technologically underdeveloped and whose expansion in the field of digitalization is still insufficient to be on par with the developed western countries. The authors’ research goal was to determine whether potential improvement in teachers’ digital competences has occurred. The general hypothesis postulated implied a low level of the use of digital tools in schools on the territory of Serbia. The descriptive method and scaling technique were used. The research results show that science and technology teachers apply digital tools while teaching more frequently than the teachers of social sciences and humanities. The research implies that a strategic approach to Serbian teachers’ digital education is necessary even during their undergraduate studies by introducing digital technology courses and subjects in the conventional academic curricula.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Education, Digital competences, Teachers, Serbia, Fourth Industrial Revolution</p> Anna Kožuh , Jelena Maksimović, Jelena Osmanović Zajić Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Fri, 30 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Transformational leadership and human capital within the disruptive business environment of academia <p>Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of transformational leadership on the cultivation of human capital in an academic setting from the perspective of university employees Design/methodology/approach – Quantitative data was collected from a range of staff working within three universities located in Jordan using an online questionnaire survey. The focus was on identifying which factors of transformational leadership were perceived as having the greatest potential contribution towards developing human capital and if there was a consensus amongst staff about these factors Results – 131 staff members submitted a completed questionnaire giving a response rate of 93%. Respondents generally had a good understanding of the concepts of human capital and transformational leadership, but the way in which transformational leadership was perceived to impact on human capital differed. Conclusion – Overall, the findings from the survey, consistent with other similar studies, confirmed that there was a correlation between transformational leadership and human capital in the context of academia from the perspective of staff. Research limitations/implications – The study confirms the need for leaders in academia to consider the leadership approach that is adopted to ensure that human capital, which is one of its main assets, is supported and developed appropriately Practical implications – The paper describes implications for leaders in higher education, as well as more broadly for educators who are attempting to develop human capital in their organisations Originality/value – This paper expands upon a developing field in leadership in higher education</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Transformational Leadership; Human Capital; Academia; Disruptive Business Environment</p> Ayman Abu-Rumman Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Preparing future teachers to use digital educational resources in primary school <p>The use of digital educational resources is based on ensuring that control measures are fixed and that the educational process as a whole is more transparent. The purpose of this article is to research the use of digital educational resources in primary school. The methodological basis of the study is determined by the possibility of using the design method. The novelty of the study is determined by the fact that the digital educational environment is understood primarily as the function of knowledge transfer and the desire to combine conventional teaching methods with innovative principles. It was concluded that the digital environment should be designed and taught to future teachers not only as an applied subject but also as an infrastructural component. By comparing the experimental and control groups, the authors empirically confirmed that pedagogical influence using web-based technologies is more effective than previously used ones.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>blended learning; education; conventional teaching; technologies; web resources.</p> Kulzhan A. Aidarbekova, Saltanat K. Abildina, Svetlana A. Odintsova, Aigul O. Mukhametzhanova, Nagimash A. Toibazarova Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Turkish instrument educators' distance education experiences related to instrument training during the COVID-19 pandemic <p>This research aims to determine distance education experiences of Turkish instrument educators’ related to instrument training during the COVID-19 pandemic. As with other practice lessons in education, instrument training also collides with its own unique problems during pandemic. Therefore, it is thought that the experiences of Turkish instrument educators regarding the process will create new discussions. The research was conducted by analyzing the findings obtained from semi-structured interviews with 14 participants with a phenomenological model. Considering the findings of the study, it can be seen that distance education conditions affect the instrument educators and the instrument training process both positively and negatively, and these effects bring some practices to the experience of instrument training permanently, possibly irreversible from now on. In the study, it was seen that an important source of the problems experienced by the instrument educators during the distance education process was related to technical facilities, such as connection speed and software.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Musical instrument educators, musical instrument training, COVID-19, the pandemic, distance education.</p> Hasan H. Okay Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Cybergogy as a digital media to facilitate the learning style of millennial college students <p>This research was aimed to test the effectiveness of AR-based digital learning materials in improving the learning of the students. The development method used in this research is the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development or Production, Implementation or Delivery, and Evaluation) model. The subjects in this developmental research are the lecturers of the educational technology department as media experts, the lecturers of the nonformal education department as the subject expert, and the students of the nonformal education department of the academic year 2018 as the users. The specification of the innovative product to be developed is augmented reality as a digital media in learning the family education subject. The result of the research that AR-based digital learning materials have gained excellent results as it has proven to help students in learning effectively. The average score in the experimental group after participating in learning with Augmented Reality media, the average score was improved to 92,55. Whilst in the control group, the average learning with the old/conventional paradigm, the average score recorded at 86,75.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Cybergogy, Teaching Media, Augmented Reality</p> Rezka Arina Rahma, Sucipto Sucipto , Yessi Affriyenni , Monica Widyaswari Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Research trends in dynamic geometry software: A content analysis from 2005 to 2021 <p>Dynamic geometry software (DGS), especially GeoGebra, have been used in mathematics lessons around the world since it enables a dynamic learning environment. To date, there exist so many published researches about DGS, which leads to the need for meaningful organisation. This study aims to give a broad picture about researches related to DGS. For this reason, 210 articles accessed from the Web of Science database were analysed in terms of their purpose, research design, sample level, sample size, data collection tools and data analysing methods by using the content analysis method. According to the findings, for each section the most frequently used ones were as follows: ‘the effect of DGS on something’ as a purpose, qualitative method as a research design, high school students as a sample level, 101–300 intervals as a sample size, documents and achievement tests as instruments and descriptive analysis for quantitative and qualitative studies. These results can help researchers to see the past trends in DGS and conduct new studies.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Dynamic geometry software, DGS, GeoGebra, content analysis, mathematics education</p> Rabia Nur Ondes Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Professional teaching competence in preservice primary school teachers: Structure, criteria and levels <p>Competency beliefs are beliefs about individuals’ ability to perform significantly regarding events that may affect their lives. People with higher levels of teaching competency beliefs do not escape from the experiences they have just encountered and have the determination to complete their actions successfully. Having general competencies of teachers and teacher candidates is of key importance in terms of creating more efficient and improving educational processes. Therefore, this study aimed to provide a systematic review on structure, criteria, and levels of professional teaching competence levels of preservice primary school teachers based on a comprehensive literature review. The study employs qualitative research methodology including document analysis and related content analysis. Various results were obtained from this study and the results were discussed with relevant literature and future implications are provided.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong> Professional, teaching competence, preservice, primary school teachers, education.</p> Zhanara Zhumash , Aziya Zhumabaeva, Saniya Nurgaliyeva , Gulbanu Saduakas , Larisa Anatolevna Lebedeva , Saule Bazarbaevna Zhoraeva Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Fri, 30 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300 The evaluation of intercultural professional technology-based communicative competence formation for students <p>The purpose of the study is to determine the evaluation of the Intercultural Professional-Technology based communication&nbsp; Based Communicative Competence Formation of Students. Overall 22 respondents of the 2nd year at a State university took part in the research like focus groups. The results were taken by the interview in the Google forms.&nbsp; The results of the analyzes showed that the development of the intercultural professional-communicative competence of natural studies students is considered to be a very important requirement, and the formation of their professional communication skills can open up great opportunities for the future career of students. Students’ interview has also shown that from methodological aspect a case study technology-based communication is highly valued. Therefore, effective ways of using communicative-cognitive case technology-based communication in the classroom were analyzed and an algorithm for working with it was developed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Intercultural Professional Communicative Competence, technology based communication, cognitive, intercultural.</p> Tatyana Mikhailova , Kulyash Duisekova , Farida Orazakynkyzy , Gulshat Beysembaeva , Saule Issabekova Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Digital transformation of Russian society as a condition of forming young teachers’ professional identity in a big city <p>Digitalization affects every sphere of life including education. However, for it to be beneficial, it needs transfomation in order to fit the current situation or changes that have occurred in human life over a time.The purpose of this research is to consider the impact of the digital transformation of Russian society on the formation of young teachers’ professional identity. The constructivist approach and the "soft concepts" of identity that have developed within its framework, serve as the methodological basis of the proposed research. The results of the applied authors’ sociological study conducted in 2020 serve as the empirical basis of this study. The method of collecting information was an in-depth interview. The reseach concluded that digitalization has a positive impact on formation of professional identity of young teachers. We also note that, despite the fact that the forced transition to online education has increased the prestige of teaching, digitalization cannot be considered as an independent factor that is able to change the professional space so that it becomes more attractive for young professionals.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: mass digitalization, forced onlineization, digitalization of school education, online education, professional identity, young teachers, Russian megapolis.</p> Yury G. Volkov, Galina I. Chikarova Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Specific features of value orientations among the student youth in the context of digital transformation of the education system <p>The importance of the paper is determined by the fact that the development of digital technologies is currently one of the main priorities of any country, both at the highest political level and at the federal and regional ones. The introduction of digital initiatives into the education system leads to their reforming, which has a direct influence on all subjects of the educational process. The goal of the study was to investigate the characteristics of the value orientations of student youth in the context of the digital transformation of the higher education institution. The research methods comprised theoretical and methodological analyses of the problem, empirical research methods (testing, interviewing and a survey), an educational experiment and methods of mathematical statistics. The results of the study include a description of the value framework structure of the personality of student youth (values and meanings) in the era of digital transformation. In addition, as a result of the study, the authors of the paper designed and tested a programme of additional education for students, aimed at developing the value orientations of the ‘digital personality’. The materials of the paper can be useful for the introduction into the educational process in the system of higher and secondary vocational education.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Value orientations, student youth, global risks and challenges, information and educational environment of a higher education institution, digital transformation of society.</p> Rina S. Khammatova , Olga V. Gribkova, Muliat M. Tkhugo, Olga B. Ushakova, Nina N. Shchetinina, Ekaterina I. Krasheninnikova, Maria A. Erofeeva Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Mon, 03 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Saudi education postgraduates’ (Trainee teachers’) perspectives on distance education <p>The purpose of this exploratory study undertaken in Saudi Arabia is to understand how in-service and new teachers perceive distance education. The study involved nineteen male and female postgraduates who were pursuing an education master’s degree during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a qualitative research asking participants to provide a 300-word response to the open-ended question: “<em>H</em><em>ow will you implement what you have learnt in your studies so that distance education can be effectively provided and convince others of the merit of this approach?</em>” The task was presented in Arabic and the complete assignments were returned electronically. The 11,181-word corpus underwent content and thematic analyses yielding eight themes. Participants addressed issues pertinent to teaching and learning, equity in technological access and digital literacy. To make DE in Saudi Arabia successful, thorough preparation of involved parties, including educators and learners, and their digital teaching and learning skills should be mastered.</p> <p><em>Keywords:</em> Distance education, e-learning, education postgraduates, Saudi Arabia, “Vision 2030”</p> Amani Khalaf Alghamdi, Ali Tared Al Dossary Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Thu, 06 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 How do digital games utilization levels predict a teacher’s digital material development self-efficacy? <p>This study is a correlation research that aims to reveal whether digital material game usage sub-dimensions, gender, school level, in-service training for education in the digital environment, digital game playing status, devices and remote education variables, are significant predictors of digital material development self-efficacy level sub-dimensions. The study group consisted of 330 teachers. The study group consists of voluntary teachers from all education levels who provide remote education during the pandemic in Malatya city in the 2020–2021 academic year. This study found that there is a negative relationship between teachers’ seniority and Web 2.0 development self-efficacy; a positive significant relationship between attitudes to use digital games in the class and Web 2.0 development skills; higher design self-efficacy perception in teachers with in-service training compared to those who did not have in-service training; higher design self-efficacy for teachers with high attitude towards using digital games in class; and negative attitudes towards digital games increased as the negative perspective towards digital material development self-efficacy increased. Experimental and qualitative studies regarding digital game-based digital teaching material efficiency can be recommended.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Digital games, digital material, material development, COVID-19 pandemic, self-efficacy.</p> Sümeyra Akkaya, Metin Kapıdere Copyright (c) 2021 World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues Fri, 30 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0300