A study of nutritional status, development of malnutrition and food consumption in hospitalized patients

Main Article Content

Anil Evrim Gungor
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-3605
Perihan Arslan
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9096-2822
Osman Abbasoglu
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7069-929X

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the nutritional status of patients on admission and during hospital stay, the factors leading to weight loss, and to evaluate patient satisfaction of hospital food. Methods: On admission, Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS-2002), weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), mid upper arm circumference (MAC) measurements were carried out; serum total protein and albumin levels were recorded. Upon discharge, measurements of weight, MAC were repeated, along with a food satisfaction questionnaire. Results: Patients with NRS-2002>3, BMI<20, were classified as nutrionally at risk which were 43.6% and 9.4% respectively. Of the patients, 77% lost weight (2.6±1.9 kg). Patients who were determined to be malnourished on admission by BMI and NRS-2002 stayed longer in hospital (p<0.0 and p<0.001, respectively). The relationships between weight loss and lenght of stay, use of medications and period of starvation were significant (p<0.0001, for each). Of the patients, 49.9% did not satisfy with the hospital food. Conclusions: Nutritional status of hospitalized patients should be screened with NRS-2002, assessed and monitored.


Keywords: NRS-2002, hospital malnutrition, hospital food services

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Gungor, A., Arslan, P., & Abbasoglu, O. (2019). A study of nutritional status, development of malnutrition and food consumption in hospitalized patients. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Health Sciences, 3(2), 66-80. https://doi.org/10.18844/ijeths.v3i2.4487
Section
Articles