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Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the number one cause of death globally: people die annually from CVDs than from other cause. In this way nursing education system has key role of bringing to student the knowledge, skills and experience of managing CVDs. The aim of this review is to indicate the importance of simulation based cardiovascular system education in nursing. We conducted a systematic literature review to evaluate the study results within the simulation based cardiovascular system education in nursing. Akdeniz University center electronic databases including MEDLINE, CINAHL and PUBMED e.g. were searched studies published in English within the last five years with â€œnursing educationâ€, â€œsimulation based cardiovascular system educationâ€ and â€œsimulation based education in nursingâ€ key words. In the recent literature review, there are six-research studies simulation based cardiovascular system educations in nursing. A study conducted by Tawalbeh and Tubaishat (2014) indicated that traditional training is an effective teaching strategy; however, simulation is significantly more effective than traditional training. Another study has shown that use of the deliberate practice model and a simulation-based curriculum to learn cardiovascular assessment and diagnostic reasoning skills was found to be very important. Pilot students' data of another study in a multi-center research model reflected that undergraduate nursing students who received the simulation-based training achieved statistically significant pre-to-posttest improvement in cardiopulmonary assessment skills and cognitive knowledge. The study results conducted by Heidarzadeh and colleagues (2014) indicated that both of the simulation methods increased the perception of self-efficacy in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Another RCT results conducted by Aqel and Ahmad (2014) indicated that high-fidelity simulation (HFS) provides students with interactive learning experiences in a safe controlled environment. Simulation is an effective teaching strategy for cardiovascular system education includes ACLS, cardiovascular assessment and diagnostic reasoning.
Keywords: Cardiovascular; nursing; CVD.
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