Effects of academic results on the perception of competence and self-esteem in students’ training

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Mustapha Akoul
Said Lotfi
Mohamed Radid


The goal of this research is to measure, with validated instruments, the corollary links between students’ academic results and the nature of their perceptions of their skills and self-esteem. To accomplish this study, we tested it on 255 student volunteers with an average age of 21 years (91 female students and 164 male students).We opted for two types of surveys: a questionnaire developed by Duclos B, which measures self-esteem in five domains, and a questionnaire on the perception of competence on three domains of training (oral skills, written skills and physical practice skills).The Pearson correlation coefficient (r) is used to assess the intensity of the relationship between the three subject variables. The data were processed with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (21). The significance level is set at p < 0.05.These three variables combined in the synthesis of the results confirm the initial hypothesis that there is a correlation but only between a few domains of self-esteem, sense of competence and academic results obtained. Indeed, students in this branch of education have a negative perception of their ‘academic’ and ‘physical’ self-esteem when their academic performance is modest or low. On the other hand, the domains of family, social and overall self-esteem are not influenced, despite modest academic achievement. The result is that even though students display a low sense of competence in the face of modest results during training, their self-esteem in the ‘family and social’ domains stays stable with good scores.


Keywords: Academic results, corollary links, perception of competence, self-esteem, training.


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Akoul, M., Lotfi, S., & Radid, M. (2020). Effects of academic results on the perception of competence and self-esteem in students’ training. Global Journal of Guidance and Counseling in Schools: Current Perspectives, 10(1), 12-22. https://doi.org/10.18844/gjgc.v10i1.4874