High school students’ higher education expectation: A scale development study

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Yavuz Cetin
Beste Dincer


The aim of this study is to develop a valid and a reliable scale to determine the expectations of high school students from higher education. The population of the study consisted of 315 high school students in the 2018–2019 academic years. To test the construct validity of the scale, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used. The original five-point Likert scale composed of 22 items with five subdimensions. The results showed that the internal consistency coefficient of the scale was calculated as 0.84. The scale factor load values ranged between 0.58 and 0.81, and the rotated factor load values ranged between 0.46 and 0.81 and explained 59.1% of the total variance of the scale. The higher education expectation scale can be used not only to evaluate the students’ future and professional expectations in terms of subjective norms but also goal setting and need for the analysis of the program development studies.

Keywords: High school students, expectation, scale development.


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How to Cite
Cetin, Y., & Dincer, B. (2020). High school students’ higher education expectation: A scale development study. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, 15(2), 232-245. https://doi.org/10.18844/cjes.v15i2.4617